North Providence School District npsd.k12.ri.us

1828 Mineral Spring  Avenue
North Providence, RI 02904
401.233.1150 Fax: 401.233.1166

National Standards in Historical Thinking

STANDARD 1  – CHRONOLOGICAL THINKING

  1. Distinguish between past, present and future time.
  2. Identify the structure of an historical narrative.
  3. Establish temporal order in constructing historical narratives of their own.
  4. Measure and calculate calendar time.
  5. Interpret data presented in time lines.
  6. Reconstruct patterns of historical succession and duration.
  7. Compare alternative models for periodization.

STANDARD II – HISTORICAL COMPREHENSION

  1. Reconstruct the literal meaning of an historical passage.
  2. Identify the central question (s) the historical narrative addresses.
  3. Read historical narratives imaginatively.
  4. Evidence historical perspectives.
  5. Draw upon data in historical maps.
  6. Utilize visual and mathematical data presented in charts, tables, pie and bar graphs, flow chars, Venn diagrams, and other graphic organizers.
  7. Draw upon visual, literary, and musical sources.

STANDARD III – HISTORICAL ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

  1. Identify the author or source of the historical document or narrative.
  2. Compare and contrast differing sets of ideas, values, personalities, behaviors, and institutions.
  3. Differentiate between historical facts and historical interpretations.
  4. Consider multiple perspectives.
  5. Analyze cause – and – effect relationships and multiple causation, including the importance of the individual, the influence of ideas, and the role of chance.
  6. Challenge arguments of historical inevitability.
  7. Compare competing historical narratives.
  8. Hold interpretations of history as tentative.
  9. Evaluate major debates among historians.
  10. Hypothesize the influence of the past.

STANDARD IV – HISTORICAL RESEARCH CAPABILITIES

  1. Formulate historical questions.
  2. Obtain historical data.
  3. Interrogate historical data.
  4. Identify the gaps in the available records, marshal contextual knowledge and perspectives of the time and place, and construct a sound historical interpretation.

STANDARD V – HISTORICAL ISSUES – ANALYSIS AND DECISION-MAKING

  1. Identify issues and problems in the past.
  2. Marshal evidence of antecedent circumstances and contemporary factors contributing to problems and alternative courses of action.
  3. Identify relevant historical antecedents.
  4. Evaluate alternative courses of action.
  5. Formulate a position or course of action on an issue and evaluate decisions.